Citation: SONG Yu-Fang, SHEN Ya-Ting. Distribution and Speciation of Lead in Moss Collected from a Lead-Zinc Mining Area by Micro-X-Ray Fluorescence and X-Ray Absorption Near Edge Structure Analysis. Chinese Journal of Analytical Chemistry, 2017, 45(9): 1309-1315. doi: 10.11895/j.issn.0253-3820.170230 [复制]
Distribution and Speciation of Lead in Moss Collected from a Lead-Zinc Mining Area by Micro-X-Ray Fluorescence and X-Ray Absorption Near Edge Structure Analysis
苔藓对重金属胁迫具有良好耐受性和一定的积累能力。本研究采集并测定了铅锌矿区苔藓和苔下土壤中重金属元素含量，利用微束X射线荧光光谱（Micro-X-ray fluorescence spectrometry，micro-XRF）测定了苔藓中重金属元素的分布，采用X射线吸收近边结构（X-ray absorption near edge structure，XANES）分析了苔藓中Pb的元素形态。研究表明，矿区苔藓具有较强的Pb、Zn、Cd、As积累能力，Pb和Zn最高含量可达1.06和1.23 mg/g，Cd和As最高含量可达30.5和13.2 μg/g。苔藓地上部（尤其是新生组织）是苔藓吸收并积累重金属的主要部位；矿区采集的小灰藓和匍枝青藓中部分金属元素分布规律不同，反应了不同苔藓种属对金属元素的吸收、积累和耐受机制的差异。XANES结果显示，Pb在小灰藓中主要以Pb3（PO4）2形态存在（约78%），表明生成Pb3（PO4）2沉淀可能是苔藓对Pb的耐受机制之一。
Moss has high tolerance and accumulating capacity to heavy metal. In this study, the distribution of heavy metal elements in moss sampled from lead-zinc mine was analyzed by X-ray fluorescence spectrometry. The speciation of lead was analyzed by X-ray absorption near-edge spectroscopy. Research showed that the contents of Pb, Zn, Cd and As in the moss of the mining area were extremely high, and their maximum concentration were 1.06 mg/g, 1.23 mg/g, 30.5 μg/g, 13.2 μg/g, respectively. Besides, the shoots especially the new tissue of the moss were the major sites for accumulation and storage of heavy metals. The micro-distribution characteristics varied among Hypnum plumaeforme and Brachytheciumprocumbens, indicating the difference of different species of moss in absorption pathway, accumulation and tolerance mechanisms for heavy metal. Linear combination fitting results indicated that the main lead speciation in moss was lead phosphate (78%) and lead oxide (22%), which suggested that the precipitation of lead phosphate might be the main mechanism of tolerance for moss.
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