Citation: MO Xin-Xin, SUN Tong, LIU Mu-Hua, YE Zhen-Nan. Rapid Quantitative Detection and Model Optimization of Trans Fatty Acids in Edible Vegetable Oils by Near Infrared Spectroscopy. Chinese Journal of Analytical Chemistry, 2017, 45(11): 1694-1702. doi: 10.11895/j.issn.0253-3820.170329 [复制]
Rapid Quantitative Detection and Model Optimization of Trans Fatty Acids in Edible Vegetable Oils by Near Infrared Spectroscopy
利用近红外光谱技术对食用植物油中反式脂肪酸（Trans fatty acids，TFA）含量进行快速定量检测，并通过波段选择、预处理方法、变量筛选及建模方法对TFA含量预测模型进行优化。采用Antaris Ⅱ傅里叶变换近红外光谱仪在4000~10000 cm-1光谱范围采集98个食用植物油样本的近红外透射光谱，然后采用气相色谱法测定TFA的真实含量。首先，对样本原始光谱进行波段、预处理方法优选；在此基础上，采用竞争自适应重加权法（Competitive adaptive reweighted sampling，CARS）筛选TFA相关的重要变量，最后应用主成分回归、偏最小二乘和最小二乘支持向量机方法分别建立食用植物油中TFA含量的预测模型。研究结果表明，近红外光谱技术检测食用植物油中的TFA含量是可行的，优化后的最佳预测模型的校正集和预测集R2分别为0.992和0.989，RMSEC和RMSEP分别为0.071%和0.075%。最佳预测模型所用的变量仅26个，占全波段变量的0.854%。此外，与全波段偏最小二乘预测模型相比，其预测集R2由0.904上升为0.989，RMSEP由0.230%下降为0.075%。由此表明，模型优化非常必要，CARS能有效筛选TFA相关的重要变量，极大减少建模变量数，从而简化预测模型，并较大提高预测模型的精度和稳定性。
Near infrared spectroscopy (NIR) was used to detect trans fatty acids (TFA) in edible vegetable oils quantitatively. And prediction model of TFA was optimized through band selection, pretreatment method, variable selection and modeling method. NIR spectra of 98 edible vegetable oil samples were collected in spectral range of 4000-10000 cm-1 using an Antaris Ⅱ Fourier transform near infrared spectrometer, and the true content of TFA was measured by gas chromatography. First, optimization of waveband and pretreatment method was conducted on original spectra. On this basis, competitive adaptive reweighted sampling (CARS) was used to select important variables that related to TFA. Finally, the prediction models of TFA content in edible vegetable oils were established using principal component regression (PCR), partial least square (PLS) and least square support vector machine (LS-SVM). The results indicated that NIR spectroscopy was feasible for detecting TFA content in edible vegetable oils, R2 of the best prediction model after optimized in calibration and prediction sets were 0.992 and 0.989, and root mean square error of calibration (RMSEC) and root mean square error of prediction (RMSEP) were 0.071% and 0.075%, respectively. Only 26 variables were used in the best prediction model, accounting for 0.854% of the whole waveband variables. In addition, compared with the full waveband PLS prediction model, the R2 in prediction set increased from 0.904 to 0.989, and RMSEP decreased from 0.230% to 0.075%. It shows that model optimization is very necessary, CARS method can select important variables related to TFA effectively and immensely reduce the number of modeling variables, so it can simplify the prediction model, and greatly improve the accuracy and stability of prediction model.
National Food Safety Standard, General Rules for Nutrition Labeling of Prepackaged Foods. National Standards of the People's Republic of China. GB 28050-2011.
食品安全国家标准, 预包装食品营养标签通则. 中华人民共和国国家标准. GB 28050-2011