Citation: ZHONG Yan-Hui, LU Xiao-Tian, HUANG Wan-Ting, ZHANG Run-Kun, LI Gong-Ke. Rapid Identification of Alcohol Compounds by Cyclic Chemiluminescence. Chinese Journal of Analytical Chemistry, 2017, 45(11): 1628-1634. doi: 10.11895/j.issn.0253-3820.171010 [复制]
Rapid Identification of Alcohol Compounds by Cyclic Chemiluminescence
以纳米氧化镁为催化剂构建了循环化学发光（Cyclic chemiluminescence，CCL）系统，以醇类化合物为研究对象，研究了反应物浓度、反应温度和检测波长对CCL分析的影响。结果表明，CCL检测信号满足一级指数衰减规律，每个反应均对应一个描述其信号变化规律的指数方程，其初变量A与反应物浓度呈线性关系，衰减系数k是与反应物浓度无关的特征常数。以异丁醇为例，其A值与浓度在0.89~14.24 mg/L之间呈良好的线性关系，线性范围内的k值平均值为32.0，RSD=2.2%，可根据k值进行定性分析，根据A值进行定量分析。采用此系统分析了8种醇类化合物，发现其k值存在显著差异，如正丁醇、异丁醇、叔丁醇的k值分别为27.2±0.2、32.0±0.8及19.5±0.1，据此提出了一种快速区分醇类同系物及结构异构体的新方法。
Rapid discrimination of compounds with similar structures and properties is a hot topic in analytical chemistry. In this study, a cyclic chemiluminescence (CCL) system was designed by using nano-magnesium oxide as catalyst. The effects of reactant concentration, reaction temperature and detection wavelength on CCL analysis were studied. It was found that the CCL signal satisfied the first order exponential decay law. Each reaction had an exponential decay equation (EDE) describing its signal change law. The initial variable A was proportional to the reactant concentration. The decay-coefficient k was a characteristic constant that was independent of the reactant concentration. For iso-butanol, it's A-values versus concentration was linear in 0.89-14.24 mg/L, the average of k-value in this range was 32.0 with a RSD of 2.2%. Thus, qualitative and quantitative analysis could be conducted according to the A and k values. The system was used to analyze eight kinds of alcohol compounds, and it was found that there were significant differences in the k-values for different alcohols. For example, the k-values for n-butanol, iso-butanol and sec-butanol were 27.2±0.2, 32.0±0.8 and 19.5±0.1, respectively.